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Gaia hypothesis

Gaia - Greek Mythology

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Gaia hypothesis - Wikipedi

  1. Die Gaia-Hypothese besagt, dass das System Leben selbst den Anteil stabil hält. (Eine Konsequenz dieser Überlegung ist, dass ein anderer Planet mit einer Atmosphäre, die Sauerstoff und ein Gas, das mit Sauerstoff reagiert, enthält, Leben beherbergen muss - bislang ist keiner entdeckt. Die Atmosphäre des Jupitermondes Europa enthält Sauerstoff, aber nicht nennenswert andere Stoffe.
  2. Gaia Theory in a Nutshell One of the most unpredicted outcomes of the space program was the Gaia hypothesis, the theory the biosphere itself works to regulate the temperature and chemical content of the Earth's atmosphere. According to Gaia theory, life is a planetary-wide phenomenon that alters the environment on a planetary scale
  3. Gaia explained The main idea behind the Gaia hypothesis can be both simple and complex. Often, several similar examples or analogies concerning the bodies of living organisms are used to make the Gaia concept easier to understand. One of these states that we could visualize Earth's rain forests as the lungs of the planet since they exchange.
  4. Die Gaia-Hypothese besagt, stark verkürzt, daß die Erde ein Lebewesen oder doch etwas Ähnliches sei. Die Superorganismus-Theorien in der Ökologie behaupten, daß biologische Gesellschaften (Lebensgemeinschaften, Biozönosen, ecological communities ), bzw. diese als Einheit mit ihrer Umwelt betrachtet, d. h. als Ökosysteme, Organismen höherer Ordnung seien

Gaia-Hypothese - Wikipedi

  1. Die Gaia-Hypothese betrachtet die Erde als einen Organismus - ein System, welches sich selbst reguliert, in dem Entwicklung stattfindet und ein Fließgleichgewicht herrscht. Die klassische Naturwissenschaft steht der Gaia-Hypothese kritisch gegenüber. Gaia erweckt unsere schlafende Erde zum Leben, Artwork by Josephine Wall (Bildquelle: www.josephinewall.co.uk) Die Gaia-Hypothese entstand in.
  2. The Gaia hypothesis deals with the concept of biological homeostasis, and claims the resident life forms of a host planet coupled with their environment have acted and act like a single, self-regulating system. This system includes the near-surface rocks, the soil, and the atmosphere
  3. Die 30 Jahre alte Gaia-Debatte lebt wieder auf. Ein Hund ist für Milliarden Bewohner die ganze Welt: Läuse, Flöhe und Zecken, Bakterien und Viren tummeln sich auf und in ihm. Erst wenn eine Art sich übermäßig vermehrt, das ausbalancierte Miteinander durch ungezügelten Nährstoffverbrauch stört und mit ihren Ausscheidungen den Lebensraum Hund vergiftet, versucht der, die Plage.

Gaia hypothesis. The Gaia (pronounced GAY-ah) hypothesis is the idea that Earth is a living organism and can regulate its own environment. This idea argues that Earth is able to maintain conditions that are favorable for life to survive on it, and that it is the living things on Earth that give the planet this ability Developed by scientist and inventor James Lovelock, and microbiologist Lynn Margulis, the Gaia hypothesis originally proposed that life, through its interactions with the Earth's crust, oceans, and..

The Gaia hypothesis has both scientific and philosophical components. Gaia is theorized to be a living entity that is greater than the sum of all the living and non-living aspects of the Earth. In proposing this theory, James Lovelock sought to explain the many complex natural mechanisms that the earth has for regulating things such as climate and biological diversity. In this theory, the whole Earth is a sentient being that regulates processes in the natural environment by balancing. This describes the basics of the Gaia Hypothesis (or theory). This video is a supplement to the book, Ecological Identity: Finding Your Place in a Biologica..

Gaia Hypothesis - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Gaia hypothesis Earth science Britannic

  1. osity of the Sun and changing tectonic activity over geological timescales. It informs our understanding on our impacts on our planet with man made climate change, and understanding Gaia will be critical for understanding and mitigating the climate changes yet to come
  2. Gaia hypothesis: the original version — the Earth's organisms regulate the physical and chemical components of the earth system so as to maintain the planet as an optimal habitat for life
  3. Tune in and learn more about the Gaia hypothesis.SU... How interrelated is life on Earth? Could it be possible that the entire planet is a single superorganism
  4. The Gaia hypothesis holds that all living and non-living components on Earth work together to sustain life by homeostatic mechanisms. It proposes that organisms, and their inorganic surroundings on Earth, are closely integrated to form a single, self-regulating complex system, maintaining the conditions necessary for life. Whether or not the Gaia hypothesis is correct, it seems as though the.
  5. ing the Gaia hypothesis proposing that the earth is alive and behaves like a living system. How James Lovelock developed the theory
  6. and for the Biosphere: The Gaia Hypothesis, Tellus: Series A 26, Nr. 1-2 (1974) sowie James E. Lovelock und Lynn Margulis, Biological Modulation of the Earth's Atmosphere, Icarus 21 (1974). 10 1972 erstmals formuliert, beschreibt die Gaia-Hypothese den belebten Bereich der Erde ( biosphere) als ein biologisches Kon - trollsystem (biological cybernetic system), das in der Lage ist.

Gaia-Hypothese - Lexikon der Biologi

The Gaia hypothesis is an ecological theory that proposes that living and nonliving parts of the earth are viewed as a complex interacting system that can be thought of as a single organism Influential Gaia, the weakest of the hypotheses, asserts that biota have a substantial influence over certain aspects of the abiotic world, such as temperature and the composition of the atmosphere. The Gaia hypothesis.. states that the temperature and composition of the Earth's atmosphere are actively regulated by the sum of life on the planet (Sagan and Margulis, 1983) Gaia Hypothesis. Gaia theory is a class of scientific models of the biosphere in which life fosters and maintains suitable conditions for itself by affecting Earth's environment. The first such theory was created by the English atmospheric scientist, Dr. James Lovelock, who developed his theories in the 1960s before formally publishing them in 1979. He hypothesized that the living matter of. Browse & Discover Thousands of Book Titles, for Less

Gaia-Hypothese wurde erst verlacht und dann von der Esoterik vereinnahmt. Doch im Laufe der Zeit hat auch die etablierte Wissenschaft begonnen, sich mehr und mehr mit den einst so verfemten Ideen auseinander zu setzen. Inzwischen sind viele Aspekte der Gaia-Hypothese sogar zu einem selbstverst¨andlichen Teil der Geowissenschaften geworden The Gaia Hypothesis: What Is It? First articulated by British atmospheric chemist James Lovelock, the Gaia hypothesis, succinctly, suggests that the Earth is a self-regulating, self-sustaining entity, which continually adjusts its environment in order to support life. Though a scientific theory, the Gaia hypothesis has, sinc The Gaia hypothesis also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet The Gaia hypothesis is an ecological hypothesis proposing that the biosphere and the physical components of the Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere) are closely integrated to form a complex interacting system that maintains the climatic and biogeochemical conditions on Earth in a preferred homeostasis. Originally proposed by James Lovelock as the earth feedback. The mythological name was revived in 1979 by James Lovelock, in Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth; his Gaia hypothesis was supported by Lynn Margulis. The hypothesis proposes that living organisms and inorganic material are part of a dynamical system that shapes the Earth's biosphere, and maintains the Earth as a fit environment for life. In some Gaia theory approaches, the Earth itself is viewed as an organism with self-regulatory functions. Further books by Lovelock and others popularized th

In discussing the concept of Gaia, Lovelock now distinguishes: Gaia hypothesis: the original version — the Earth's organisms regulate the physical and chemical components of the earth... Gaia theory: the revision in response to critics — the combined physical, chemical and biological components of. James Lovelock, one of Britain's greatest scientists, is famous for developing the Gaia hypothesis, which sees the Earth as a self-regulating system. In his long and influential career, he also. The Gaia hypothesis is an ecological hypothesis proposing that the biosphere and the physical components of the Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere) are closely integrated to form a complex interacting system that maintains the climatic and biogeochemical conditions on Earth . The Gaia hypothesis was first scientifically formulated in the 1960s by the independent.

Aktualität der Gaia-Hypothese Ökologien der Erde bestimmen die Gegen-wart. Dabei gewinnt die in den 1970er Jahren von James Lovelock gemeinsam mit Lynn Margulis entwickelte Gaia-Theorie heute neue Erklärungskraft. Wenn Gaia bei Bruno Latour sogar zum allgemeinen Modell der Welt-erklärung im 21. Jahrhundert wird, gilt es, nac Gaia: The Planet Holobiont Rainer Matyssek (München) and Ulrich Lüttge ML (Darmstadt) where Gaia is a short-hand for the hypothesis [] that the biosphere is a self-regulating entity with the capacity to keep our planet healthy by controlling the chemical and physical environment. Keeping the planet healthy means sustaining the planet's capacity for harboring life. With. The Gaia Hypothesis. In 1965, J.E. Lovelock published the first scientific paper suggesting the Gaia hypothesis. The Gaia hypothesis states that the temperature and composition of the Earth's surface are actively controlled by life on the planet. It suggests that if changes in the gas composition, temperature or oxidation state of the Earth. The Gaia hypothesis challenged the then prevalent reductionist approach of most science, because it required multidisciplinary approaches to understanding Earth's biological and geophysical realms and their interactions. The science of Earth systems received a further boost with the growing realization in the late 20th century that Earth's environment has affected civilization in the past, and that anthropogenic activities are now affecting art and civilization. The current surge of studies. The History of Gaia Hypothesis. Independent research scientist James Lovelock first scientifically formulated Gaia Hypothesis during the 1960's when he was working for NASA. At the time he tried to establish new methods for detecting life on Mars. His initial idea was that since stable combinations of chemicals like oxygen and methane exist in earth's atmosphere, it should be possible to detect life on other planets like Mars, simply by detecting similar combinations of chemicals in.

Die Gaia-Hypothese: Die Erde ist ein Organismus in

Environmental Ethics Views on Deforestation

The Gaia Hypothesis and Earth System Science The following is an excerpt from Scientists on Gaia by Stephen Schneider and Penelope Boston (MIT Press): For more than a century students of the evolution of the living and nonliving parts of the Earth have known that life influences the physical and chemical characteristic of the planet. Nevertheless, the dominant paradigm in earth sciences has. Gaia hypothesis', was being applied to many different propositions, ranging from ideas that most modern Earth scientists would consider self-evident, to notions that most would consider outlandish. The weak forms of the Gaia hypothesis hold that life collectively has a significant effect on Earth's environment ('Influential Gaia'), and that therefore the evolution of life and the. The notion of the biosphere as an active adaptive control system able to maintain the Earth in homeostasis we are calling the 'Gaia' hypothesis, Lovelock (1972). Hence forward the word Gaia will be used to describe the biosphere and all of those parts of the Earth with which it actively interacts to form the hypothetical new entity with properties that could not be predicted from the sum of its parts The Gaia Hypothesis proposes a diabolical notion that living and non-living parts of the Earth form a single organism. Lovelock's following statement typifies his anti-human philosophy. It may as well have been written by Charles Manson. Healthy mothers don't commit revenge, which was why Lovelock uses the term Gaia instead of Mother Earth

Journey through the Wastelands: The Death of the Blue

Gaia Hypothese - Gaia hypothesis. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie Die Untersuchung der Bewohnbarkeit von Planeten basiert teilweise auf einer Extrapolation aus der Kenntnis der Erdbedingungen , da die Erde der einzige Planet ist, von dem derzeit bekannt ist, dass er Leben beherbergt ( The Blue Marble , Apollo 17- Foto von 1972 ). Das Gaia - Paradigma / ɡ aɪ . ə / , auch bekannt als. This system as a whole -(called Gaia)- seeks a physical and chemical environment optimal for contemporary life. 8. The scientifically accepted form of the hypothesis :influential Gaia states the biota influence certain aspects of the abiotic world, e.g. temperature and atmosphere. They state the evolution of life and its environment may. The Gaia Hypothesis (or popularly known as Gaia Theory) goes beyond the individual organisms living on Earth, it encompasses all the living and non-living components of Earth's biosphere.

My approach was to dissect the Gaia hypothesis into component assertions, scrutinising each in turn. Lovelock's books and articles propose three main arguments for Gaia: (1) that Earth is an extremely favourable habitat for life; (2) that life has greatly altered the planetary environment, including the chemical composition of the atmosphere and the sea; and (3) that Earth's environment has. eBook Shop: The Gaia Hypothesis von Elissa Rubenstein als Download. Jetzt eBook herunterladen & bequem mit Ihrem Tablet oder eBook Reader lesen The Gaia hypothesis, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet. Wikipedi Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on GAIA HYPOTHESIS. Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature review on GAIA. 'The Gaia hypothesis has both scientific and philosophical components.' 'The Gaia hypothesis states that the temperature and composition of the Earth's surface are actively controlled by life on the planet.' 'What follows is a tour of the Gaia hypothesis.'

Philosophical implications of the Gaia Theory

Gaia-Hypothese - Biologi

Lovelock calls this system Gaia after the ancient Greek goddess of the Earth and persists in referring to Gaia as a person who acts with intent. Some find this annoying and unscientific. This reader accepts it as poetry and metaphor. In summary, in his latest book, Lovelock revisits his Hypothesis and argues that: 1. Not only is climate change an impending disaster but an irreversible tipping point may already have been reache The Gaia Hypothesis is the idea that life, or Gaia, plays a critical role in maintaining Earth's habitability, including its oxygen-rich atmosphere, the salinity of its oceans, and its relatively stable climate. In the late 1960s, Lovelock had postulated that particular control mechanisms require feedback loops to ensure stability. Indeed, Lovelock initially called his theory the Earth.

Is Climate Change Earth upgrading itself? – Invironment

Atmospheric homeostasis by and for the biosphere: the gaia hypothesis References; Citations Metrics; Licensing; Reprints & Permissions; PDF Abstract. During the time, 3.2 ×109 years, that life has been present on Earth, the physical and chemical conditions of most of the planetary surface have never varied from those most favourable for life. The geological record reads that liquid water was. The Gaia hypothesis, Gaia theory, or Gaia principle proposes that Earth is far more than just a rocky planet that orbits the Sun. According to the hypothesis, living organisms and the inorganic substances around them have evolved together as a single living system. This single living system greatly affects the conditions and chemistry of our planet Gaia Theory synonyms, Gaia Theory pronunciation, Gaia Theory translation, English dictionary definition of Gaia Theory. n. 1. A hypothesis stating that Earth's biota constitute a single interconnected system that affects or determines the physical and chemical conditions.. De Gaia-hypothese is een wetenschappelijke hypothese die stelt dat de biosfeer op de niet-levende omgeving inwerkt op een zodanige manier dat er een zelfregulerend complex systeem ontstaat zodat er gunstige omstandigheden blijven bestaan voor het leven op Aarde. De hypothese werd door de wetenschapper James Lovelock geformuleerd in 1969.Hij beschreef alle levende materie op aarde als één. The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, proposes that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain the conditions for life on the planet. Topics of interest include how the biosphere and the evolution of life forms affect the stability of global temperature, ocean salinity, oxygen in the.

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Gaia hypothesis states that Earth is a self-regulating mechanism The Gaia hypothesis, proposed by UK scientist James Lovelock in the 1960s and now usually termed Earth System Science, suggests that Earth's Biosphere forms a self-regulating Homeostatic System analogous to a living organism (see Ecology); the name is taken from the Greek earth-goddess, also spelt Gaea or Ge, and was suggested to Lovelock by William Golding Together, in 1974, Lovelock and Margulis published Atmospheric homeostasis by and for the biosphere: The Gaia hypothesis. They proposed that, early after life began it acquired control of the planetary environment and that this homeostasis by and for the biosphere has persisted ever since. Not all biologists agreed with the premise. Others pointed out that many of life's.

Gaia Theory in a Nutshell - The Cosmopolis Projec

The Gaia Hypothesis. 116 likes. The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, proposes that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a.. Gaia Gaia hypothesis Gaia theory gaida gaiden gaidonnayite gaiety Gail gaillard Gailtal Gailtal Alps: Kennst du Übersetzungen, die noch nicht in diesem Wörterbuch enthalten sind? Hier kannst du sie vorschlagen! Bitte immer nur genau eine Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzung eintragen (Formatierung siehe Guidelines), möglichst mit einem guten Beleg im Kommentarfeld. Wichtig: Bitte hilf auch bei der. The Gaia hypothesis includes conjecture on the following subjects: the biosphere, the evolution of organisms within the biosphere, the stability of global temperature, the salinity of seawater, the atmospheric oxygen levels, and more The Gaia hypothesis states that the lower atmosphere of the earth is an integral, regulated, and necessary part of life itself. For hundreds of millions of years, life has controlled the temperature, the chemical composition, the oxidizing ability, and the acidity of the earth's atmosphere (Margulis, L and J. Lovelock. 1976. ) To summarize the concept the Gaia hypothesis states that life.

Gaia Hypothesis - humans, examples, body, used, water

The Gaia Hypothesis has often been described by commentators as one of the most provoking singular ideas to have been put forward in the second half of this century, and while it struggled to be formally accepted in the fields of the traditional sciences in the 1970's and early 1980's, it certainly managed to provoke its share of debate. During this period, Lovelock prepared for a second publication The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, proposes that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a self-regulating, complex system that contributes to maintaining the conditions for life on the planet

Die Erde ist kein Lebewesen - Kritik der Gaia-Hypothese

The Geophysiological Gaia hypothesis compares the biosphere to an immense organism that can be either stable or unstable (Kirchner 1989). The Optimizing Gaia hypothesis assumes that the biota manipulate their environment in ways that help maintain favorable conditions of life (Kirchner 1989) 10 Compelling Pieces of Evidence that Support the Gaia Hypothesis #1. Atmospheric Oxygen. Billions of years ago, Earth's atmosphere consisted mostly of nitrogen and carbon dioxide,... #2. Ocean Salinity. Salt levels in the Earth's oceans have been fairly consistent for an extremely long time,.

Gaia hypothesis. Pasadena, Calif / Salem Press (2011) [Buchbeitrag] Encyclopedia of environmental issues / editor, Craig W. Alli Some of the fiercest criticism of the Gaia Hypothesis came from evolutionary biologists, who claimed that there was no place for Gaia, as, for the hypothesis to follow the principle of natural selection, the cosmos would have to be littered with failed planet earths (Dawkins, 1983). In order to counter this criticism Lovelock developed the Daisyworld model. This was a 'mathematical parable' (Wilkinson, 2003, p.266), which described the biological homeostasis of the global environment. According to Lovelock and Margulis's Gaia hypothesis, living things are part of a planetary-scale self-regulating system that has maintained habitable conditions for the past 3.5 billion years (1, 2). Gaia has operated without foresight or planning on the part of organisms, but the evolution of humans and their technology are changing that. Earth has now entered a new epoch called the Anthropocen 10001 Gaia - eine unbestimmte und unbestimmbare Zukunft unserer Erde lässt uns in die Vergangenheit blicken. Vanishing Ice. Damals traf sich ein kleines Forscherteam und versuchte, die Dinge anders betrachten, Zusammenhängendes zu trennen, Getrenntes neu zu verbinden. Weniger in der Erwartung von Antworten übten sie eine neue Art der Fragestellung

The Gaia hypothesis or Gaia principle is an ecological hypothesis proposing that the biosphere and the physical components of the Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere) are closely integrated to form a complex interacting system that maintains the climatic and biogeochemical conditions on Earth in a preferred homeostasis The Gaia hypothesis' central theme is that biological processes homeostatically maintain, on a planetary scale, geochemical and climatic conditions favorable for life. A number of distinct hypotheses have been proposed, spanning a range from the self‐evident to the highly speculative Atmospheric homeostasis by and for the biosphere: the gaia hypothesis. JAMES E. LOVELOCK. Bowerchalke, Nr. Salisbury, Wilts. England. Search for more papers by this author. LYNN MARGULIS. Department of Biology, Boston University, 2, Cummington Street, Boston, Mass. USA. Search for more papers by this author Gaia also helps to explain how the oceans are kept in balance. Rivers dissolve salt from rocks and carry it to the ocean, yet ocean salinity has remained at about 3.4% for a very long time. It. Gaia Hypothesis The Gaia hypothesis is an ecological hypothesis proposing that the biosphere and the physical components of the Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere) are closely integrated to form a complex interacting system that maintains the climatic and biogeochemical conditions on Earth in a preferred homeostasis. Originally proposed by James Lovelock as the earth.

Die Gaia-Hypothese: Was ist das, was besagt sie

Gaia hypothesis This was proposed by chemist James Lovelock and microbiologist Lynn margulis in 1970. They proposed this earth as a self-regulating complex system to maintain the conditions for life. Earth is a living entity responds to changes the same way as we do. Earth's response is not revenge but healing. The way earth is responding right now is also a reaction to our actions. New Age Gaian and Gaia Hypothesis, Facts, Quotes and History The Gaia hypothesis or theory concerns the stability of Earth's natural systems Gaia Movement, network of organizations focused on sustainable practices Gaia philosophy, the concept that living organisms will improve their environmen

Gaia philosophy - Wikipedi

The Gaia Hypothesis. Noel Charlton, Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK: Gaia Theory.. Lawrence E. Joseph, salon.com: James Lovelock, Gaia's grand old man.The scientist who first theorized that our planet is a biological organism, not merely a rock, discusses life on Earth and the possibilities for its future afaik the hypothesis defines a few different strength of the gaia principle. the strongest form would be a self regulating synergistic system that evolved to be optimal for life. our earth in such video games is not that perfect type of world This model explores the Gaia hypothesis, which considers the Earth as a single, self-regulating system including both living and non-living parts. In particular, this model explores how living organisms both alter and are altered by climate, which is non-living. The example organisms are daisies and the climatic factor considered is temperature

Die Neue Gaia-Hypothese - wissenschaft

The Gaia hypothesis (GH) emerged in the mid-1960s through James Lovelock, a chemist who later found support in the biologist Lynn Margulis. In the 1970s, Lovelock, in collaboration with Margulis, claimed that life and the Earth form a single, self-regulative homeostatic system, essentially presenting the notion of the Earth being alive or that it behaves in ways like a living organism. The term Gaia, which Lovelock derived from his friend and novelist William Golding, was. The Gaia hypothesis Some scientists argue that all living things have an equal importance because they all play a part in regulating the planet. This idea was first made popular by Dr James Lovelock in the 1960s with his Gaia hypothesis. The world can be seen as a complex interacting system, behaving in some ways, like a single organism. Small, but mighty Removing what seems like some pretty. The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, named after earth goddess Gaia, proposes that living organisms interact with their nonliving inorganic surroundings on Earth to self-regulate the Earth's environment, a complex system that contributes to maintaining the conditions for life on the planet. The hypothesis was developed in the 1970's by James Lovelock with Lynn Marguli

Characteristics of Living MatterUltraman Gaia / Characters - TV Tropes

The Gaia hypothesis is for those who like to walk or simply stand and stare, to wonder about the Earth and the life it bears, and to speculate about the consequences of our own presence here. It is an alternative to that pessimistic view which sees nature as a primitive force to be subdued and conquered. It is also an alternative to that equally depressing picture of our planet as a demented. Climate - Climate - The Gaia hypothesis: The notion that the biosphere exerts important controls on the atmosphere and other parts of the Earth system has increasingly gained acceptance among earth and ecosystem scientists. While this concept has its origins in the work of American oceanographer Alfred C. Redfield in the mid-1950s, it was English scientist and inventor James Lovelock that gave it its modern currency in the late 1970s. Lovelock initially proposed that the biospheric. Gaia hypothesis The Gaia hypothesis /ˈ ɡaɪ .ə /, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle , proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet. The hypothesis was formulated by the chemist James Lovelock[1] and co.

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